In the late 1800s and early 1900s, there were two brick kilns on the site of what is now Tre Cwm estate. This small scale industry started on these locations in response to the geological composition that was already there - there were two massive natural clay pits along one of the main roads which still borders the estate now. It’s likely that the kilns produced bricks that contributed to the immense Victorian boom in construction in the rest of Llandudno, then stopped producing once the clay ran out.

The bricks that were produced here were most likely not a decorative grade - they would have been used on the interiors of walls and then covered over by a finer quality brick, or used to construct sewage tunnels. 

We are working with Tre Cwm residents to recreate the Tre Cwm Brick with clay extracted from Tre Cwm soil.

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OS Map from late 1800s/early 1900s showing clay pits and brick kilns of the site of Tre Cwm estate

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Scrap yard on Tre Cwm which is the site of a historic clay pit

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Present day bricks of Tre Cwm

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Removing organic material from clay mud

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Artefacts from Tre Cwm soil

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Straining clay from mud

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Fine straining clay from mud

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Pure filtered clay

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Pure filtered clay